Forests and climate change
Forests are among the most important ecosystems on Earth. They probably have the most important role in the fight against climate change. Forests have the natural power to stabilize the climate. They regulate ecosystems, protect and conserve biodiversity, have an important role in the carbon cycle, sustain many human communities around the world and hold the secret to successful sustainable development.
Forests affect climate in two distinct ways. On one hand, they are a solution to climate change, on the other, they cause climate change. Around 25% of global carbon emissions come from cutting and burning forests and all forest products, as well as from deforestation and destruction of forest ecosystems.
Still, forests are among the most important solutions in the fight against climate change effects. More than one third of the global quantities of carbon dioxide is absorbed and trapped by forests. That is why it is very important to drastically reduce the destruction of forest ecosystems and promote their restoration.
Forest conservation not only increases the chances for reducing climate change impact, but also helps with the preservation of biodiversity. Forests are the home of more than 80% of all terrestrial living organisms and thus by preserving forests we care for almost all species on the planet. Furthermore, forests are the home for many cultures, peoples and populations all over the world, so by preserving fragile forest ecosystems we also care for the future of the new generations.
Forests are a vital part of Earth’s nature and they have to be seen as a complex ecosystem, full of life that can function only if it remains unharmed, destroyed or with very reduced boundaries. Forests should not be considered as an open source of resources, but as a fragile yet important system that can help us as long as we ensure the conditions for its proper and safe development.