Biodiversity is the quantity of different life species on Earth. Biodiversity means the number of different species of plants, animals, fungi and microorganisms. In addition to living organisms, biodiversity also means all types of ecosystems and habitats.
Biodiversity is a key and fundamental component for maintaining life of nature on Earth. All types of living organisms and all ecosystems are intertwined in a network of a global ecosystem and any minor change might fully disturb this global network.
The rule is: rich biodiversity for a healthy ecosystem.
Biodiversity affects almost all aspects of life on the planet. Greater plant diversity means more quantity of food as well as food that is diverse, large vegetation preserves and maintains freshwater, river plants help with the natural cleaning of rivers. Fungi, insects and worms take part in soil formation, while trees with their root systems protect soil from erosion. Biodiversity is the only and main resource of food for everyone in nature. It preserves our health because all drugs are a result of plant activities and their metabolism, while plants and algae participate in the purification of polluted air and reduce the impact of climate change.
The destruction of biodiversity results in changes that are almost irreversible and that is why instead of renewing biodiversity, we should work on its conservation.